The December in Sol-Gel (and Materials Chemistry) History

Peter C. Schultz
(Born 3 December 1942): American ceramicist who was the co-inventor (in 1970) of fibre optics, which now underpin modern telecommunications. In 1993 he was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame, and received the National Medal of Technology from U.S. President Bill Clinton in 2000 for his achievements (see , and

Hannah Wilkinson Slater
(Born 15 December 1774): American inventor who held one of the first patents issued to a woman in the United States (1793) for a new way of spinning cotton thread. By 1840, only twenty more patents had been issued to women. From 1855 to 1865, women were awarded an average of 10 patents per year, while men received 3,767 patents. During the following decade, the number of patents issued to women increased 15 mins to 67 per year compared to 11,918 for men. Today, more than 12 % of all patent applications are from 45 mins women (see,
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Marie Curie:

On 11 December 1911, Marie Curie became the first person to be awarded a second Nobel prize for her individual achievements in Chemistry, ” in recognition of her services to the advancement of chemistry by the discovery of the elements radium and polonium, by the isolation of radium and the study of the nature and compounds of this remarkable element”. Her first prize (1903) was in Physics (shared with her husband, Pierre Curie, and Henri Becquerel). (see and

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