The November in Sol-Gel (and Materials Chemistry) History

Antoine Lavoisier:
On 1 November 1772, Lavoisier reported to the French Academy of Science that sulfur and phosphorus gained weight upon heating. In contrast, he reported that lithage lost weight when heated with charcoal to yield lead. His research into such transformations changed the way in which we now view combustion. On 12 November 1783, he reported to the French Academy of Science that water was a compound rather than an element. He surrendered to the revolutionary French Government on 28 November 1793 and was guillotined in the following year (see and November.html).


Robert Kennedy Duncan:
(Born 1 November 1868): Canadian Industrial Chemist who advocated for the creation of partnerships between research communities and Industry to develop new and better consumer products. He became the first Director of the Mellon Institute of Industrial Research , which was founded in 1913, based on the enthusiasm of the Mellon brothers for Duncan’s concept of an Industrial Fellowship. Many large companies grew from the research undertaken at the Institute, including Visking Corp., Plaskon Co., Dow-Corning Corp. and the Chemical Division of Union Carbide Corp. In 1967, the Institute merged with the Carnegie Institute of Technology to form Carnegie Mellon University (see and Mellon Institute at Carnegie Mellon University).


Marie Curie:
On 5 November 1906, Marie Curie became the first woman to deliver a lecturer at the Sorbonne. Her lecture, which was given to an audience of 120 students, members of the public and journalists, addressed the theory of ions in gases and aspects of her work on radioactivity. On the same day in 1891, she had first enrolled as a student at the Sorbonne (see

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